One question I often (not unreasonably) get asked is: why do I so rarely talk about Sailor Moon Crystal on this blog?
Truth be told, it’s not that I don’t want to talk about it. It’s rather that bringing the Sailor Moon Crystal series into the equation introduces several key issues into what we discuss here, including:
- the series takes place decades after the original manga/anime ran, and the world has since changed;
- the story tracks closely with the manga and doesn’t add too much new information; and
- Sailor Moon Crystal is still a work in progress, so any theories unique to the series could still change.
Fortunately for us, with the recent announcement1 that Kazuko Tadano — character designer for the first two seasons of the 1990s Sailor Moon anime — will be reprising her role as character designer for the upcoming Sailor Moon Crystal movie, this gives us a chance to take a look back into the past to hopefully answer some questions about the series’ future.
Today, we’ll be taking a deeper look into what Ms. Tadano thought of the characters in Sailor Moon, and her philosophy in how she draws women. Stick around, because things are about to get interesting!
I have a rule that I decided for myself when drawing the Sailor Uniform: even though it would be quite natural to see some cleavage due to how low the collar on the uniform cuts, I absolutely never draw it.
— Kazuko Tadano
To be more specific, today we’re looking at an interview titled 「只野美少女のヒミツ」 (Tadano’s Secret to Pretty Girls) found in the September 1993 issue of the Japanese anime magazine Animage.2 The interview features a back and forth between Sailor Moon character designer Kazuko Tadano and the magazine as they discuss her thoughts on bringing our favorite characters to life.
We’ve got a lot to get through, so let’s get started!
Animage: As a part of our research into Sailor Moon, I would like to ask you about how you draw girls. Actually, I originally intended to title this article “Investigating how Kazuko Tadano draws the female form.”
Kazuko Tadano (Kazuko): The female… female form?? (laugh) That sounds a little suspicious.3
Animage: Right, it seemed like it could turn into a pretty shady article, so I went with the title on the right-hand page. However, for the topic of this article, I would like to discuss the allure of the women you draw, and your thoughts on art.
Kazuko: I’m sure most female artists are the same, but I actually liked drawing men before I became an animator. I liked drawing their body forms, the muscles in their arms, and things like that, and I wasn’t really interested in drawing women. After becoming an animator I started to enjoy drawing women and, particularly once I started working on Sailor Moon, I’ve been putting more effort into drawing women than men.
Animage: You liked drawing muscles? That’s surprising.
Kazuko: When I joined Live,4 I was doing dramatic line work, almost like a man would. So much so that even people at Live would look at my art and thought that a man drew it. (laugh) Even when doing the initial pencils, I would draw with really dark lead, like 4B or even 6B.
Animage: That’s hard to believe from your current work. Your art has a lot of clean line work now.
Kazuko: That’s right, my habits have changed over the past few years.
Animage: Could you tell me about your policy when drawing female characters?
Kazuko: Well, generally speaking, I think that men tend to be better at drawing women. However, when the artist is a man, they tend to fixate too much on the woman’s body. (laugh) By focusing too much on that, the work can end up looking unappealing. There are those who draw the chests far bigger than they need to in the initial pencils, and I don’t really like that style.
Animage: Right, right. You don’t want to lay it on too thick.
Kazuko: So what about when women draw female characters? Well, when they do it, the female characters tend to lack any sensuality. If you look at comics for the older female market, many of the characters really aren’t that attractive. I wind up thinking, if only they were drawn with a little more charm.
Animage: After all, if you’re going to draw women, you should make them appealing.
Kazuko: Right. I mean, I think that even I should draw the characters with a little more sensuality, but since men are just overall better at understanding how that woman would be perceived, at getting a feeling for the sexuality, and things like that, I often feel like I can’t compete on that front.
Animage: Your art is sensual enough as it is. The laserdisc jacket covers in particular are rather provocative.
Kazuko: Provocative?? (laugh)
Animage: They have a certain plumpness to them.
Kazuko: True. Ami in particular gives the impression of being pale, and a little chubby.
Animage: Like there would be a little plumpness to her.
Kazuko: Exactly, I draw her as if she were pudgy.
Animage: Whoa! Seems like the conversation’s taken a strange turn. (laugh) I wonder if I can really get away with putting an article about Ami’s chubbiness into Animage…!
Kazuko: (laugh) Though there are parts to drawing women where I can’t compete with men, well, in that case I think that I should draw female characters in a way that only a woman could. I’m going to keep working hard to draw even better, and to draw even more appealing female characters.
So that article took a pretty unexpected turn with that Ami conversation. Considering her massive popularity at the time, I understand how she came up in the conversation, but… you know, I’ve never once considered her to be “chubby,” especially when Usagi is always the one Luna and the others make fun of.
Of course, this interview was conducted 25 years ago, so who knows where Ms. Tadano stands on her view of drawing the Sailor Soldiers now, but I’m definitely excited to see where she plans to take the series, especially considering that there have already been three other seasons to establish precedent.
What do you think about the news of her taking the reigns again for the new Sailor Moon Crystal movie? Excited, hesitant, a little from column A and B? No matter what happens, it’s at least good to know we’re on the road to the movie getting made!
- See Character Designer for the Anime Theatrical Release Decided! ↩
- See Animage (Wikipedia) ↩
- This is likely a play on words, since the Animage interviewer uses the word 女体 (nyotai), meaning a woman’s body. The word, however, is also used in 女体盛り (nyotai mori), or the act of eating sushi off of a naked woman’s body. So I think she’s referring to the fact that you could read into the title as sounding a bit dirty. See 女体盛り (Jisho.org) ↩
- Meaning Studio Live, the animation studio she worked at. ↩