In the spirit of the season – and for all of you reading this in the future, that means Halloween – I desperately wanted to find some sort of story or mystery relating to Sailor Moon that I could talk about, but unfortunately I didn’t have much luck. There just isn’t a lot of scary things that happen in the show, unless you’re talking about Mamoru’s fashion sense or Taiki’s obnoxiously large forehead.
So I took to social media for suggestions and, as expected, I got a lot of great suggestions that never even crossed my mind. You people rock.
Today, we’ll be talking about about the story of the vampire who once graced the pages of Sailor Moon, and Ami’s seemingly bizarre leap in logic in how she determined this young girl was a blood-sucking demon of the night.
For those of you playing along at home, we’re talking today about the story of Lilica Hubert (リリカ・ユベール), the transfer student who appeared in the aptly-named side-story “ChibiUsa’s Picture: Beware of Transfer Students!” This story was later turned into an anime in Sailor Moon SuperS and named “ChibiUsa’s Adventure: The Dreaded Vampire Castle.”
While she’s a vampire in the original manga telling of the story, she’s just a Lemure who everything thinks is a vampire in the anime version. This, however, doesn’t really change the end result of what we’re talking about it.
Because really, I’m not actually concerned about Lilica herself, or the degree of her vampire-ocity.
No, what we’re talking about is the absurd leap of logic that Ami makes in hearing all of the details and telling ChibiUsa that the story of her and Kyuusuke witnessing Lilica eating flowers is the nail in the coffin of the girl being a vampire – pun absolutely intended.
I don’t know about you, but I’ve never really known vampires to like eating flowers. I’ll freely admit that I don’t hold any degrees in Vampiric Studies, but as a horror film buff, I feel reasonably confident that not only do vampires not typically snack on flowers, but they’ve actually historically been used as a way to ward them off.1
So what does Ami know that I don’t?
As it turns out, Ami is likely an avid reader of manga. Specifically, The Poe Family (ポーの一族; Poe no Ichizoku), the manga shojo historical manga written by Moto Hagio that ran from 1972 to 1976.2
The titular Poe family in this manga are vampires who live off of feasting off of the blood of humans, as vampires are wont to do. But in addition to blood, they also could derive energy from eating red roses (and the extract therefrom), which they also did throughout the series.
While I was about willing to call it a day, I was feeling a bit worried about calling our favorite girl genius out for fan of a then-20 year old comic. Fortunately for us – and Ami’s reputation! – this isn’t where the vampire connection ends. In fact, I even have reason to believe that Naoko’s story is inspired by the even earlier Japanese story of vampires.
According to an interview with Moto Hagio, his manga was inspired by an even earlier story: the 60-page one-shot manga written in 1962 by Shotaro Ishimori titled Mist, Roses, and Stars (きりとばらとほし; Kiri to Bara to Hoshi to).
The story is broken up into three parts: Mist is set in the past (July 1903, in Austria), Roses is set in the present day (1962, in Japan), and Stars is set in what was then the future (September 2008, in America). The story follows our protagonist, Lily, who is bitten by a vampire and forced to continue living on through the generations.
Now, I don’t know about you, but the name “Lily” here sounds awfully familiar to me. Could it be that she is the inspiration behind our Lilica, the girl that Ami so deftly identifies as a vampire due to her flower-eating habits?
I’d almost be willing to bet on it, though there is a small problem with the fact that, in Shotaro Ishimori’s original 1962 telling of the story, holding a rose would actually cause the the rose to wither and scatter away,3 which is very different from eating it.
In case you’re curious and interested in doing some further background reading, as it turns out, these stories were actually based on even earlier works of fiction, but this time from the west. I’m telling you, the
plagiarism borrowing in old Japanese stories is really impressive. I’m looking at you, Tuxedo Mask!
The first story in the series, Mist, was based loosely on the very first work of vampire fiction, Carmilla,4 which takes place in – shock! – the Austrian Empire. I wasn’t able to find any connections with the middle story, Roses, but considering that one takes place in modern-day Japan, I’m not too surprised that it’d be an entirely original story. The last one, Stars, seems to be based on Richard Matheson’s 1954 work of vampire fiction, I Am Legend.5
… and, to the best of my knowledge, none of those depict vampires eating roses.
So there you have it, folks! All the information you could never possibly need regarding Japan’s shojo manga history with vampires! The short version of the story is that, basically, The Poe Family is an incredibly popular manga of that generation (even my wife recognized it from a single page up on my monitor as I wrote this!) and eating roses was an important thematic element in that story.
Considering that Ms. Takeuchi would have been a kid reading manga at that time, she definitely would have been familiar with this story.
As for why our girl vampire doesn’t eat roses in either the manga or anime, well, that’s open for speculation. But my guess is that it’s because roses are a significant part of the Sailor Moon story and that it would seem a bit out of place for her to be eating them and yet have no mention of Tuxedo Mask.
Hopefully this was as interesting for you to read as it was for me to research it! Does this change how you look at the story at all now, knowing that there’s all this history behind it? I know that as I’ve learned more about Japan, the way I see anime has completely changed, but I’d love to hear about you!