What Does the P in Luna-P Mean?

Luna-P Attack!

Luna-P Attack!

I’d hate to make you read through all of this and keep your hopes up for a definitive answer the whole time, so I’m just going to spoil it all now and say that there actually is no meaning behind the “-P” in “Luna-P.” But wait! Before you move on, you should at least stay for the back story behind this mysterious appended letter, because there’s actually a rather interesting story behind it!

The first thing to mention that there are actually a lot of characters with the “P” nickname, and not just in Sailor Moon (Mina-P, Luna-P, and even Naru’s mother’s jewelry show, the Osa-P), but in Japanese media in general (Noriko ‘Nori-P’ Sakai1 and Tomohisa ‘Yamapi’ Yamashita2 being notable examples). This was a big boom in the late 80’s and early 90’s and even still crops up in Japan today, even if it is seen as a bit of an older fad.3 Going back to our Osa-P example in Sailor Moon, is named after Ms. Takeuchi’s editor at Nakayoshi, Fumio “Osabu” Osano. The ‘Osa’ part of his name was taken and the cute modifier ‘-P’ added, and then bam! Instant jewelry shop.

Osa-BU and Osa-P – See the Resemblance?

Osa-BU and Osa-P – See the Resemblance?

But that doesn’t answer our (revised) question of where this -P naming trend comes from. To do that, we need to go back to our real-world examples from before – particularly Ms. Noriko Sakai who debuted in 1986 as a singer/idol. Early on in her career, she went by the nickname “Nori-P” – a moniker invented by her and Hideyoshi Aizawa, the president of the talent agency she worked for – and as a part of her branding would introduce a whole slew of unique words and phrases which were picked up by the media as the so-called “Nori-P Go” (lit. Nori-P Language; Nori-P-isms).4 This was made up as a form of branding to form a cohesive image for her and to appeal to both young women and adult men alike, by putting an emphasis on her creative childishness, a very important part back then as well as today in Japan’s kawaii culture.

Noriko Sakai in the 1980s

Noriko Sakai in the 1980s

But if she was already using the -P moniker back in 1986, it must have come from somewhere, right? Or did she and her manager create this all by herself?

Well, there’s actually slightly more to the story, since  this is actually a derivation on her nickname in junior high school, Norippe. This type of nickname – the -ppe addition to someone’s name – dates back even further in Japanese culture and actually has its roots in linguistics and different dialects across Japan, though it’s far less commonly used now.5 This comes from the word hyoue (兵衛), which is also read as bee (as in “eh”) when read as a part of a compound noun or a name. When attached to another word, it’s used in a similar manner to hickbumpkin, or Joe Nobody depending on the context.6

This bee started to get attached to people’s names before ultimately becoming pronounced by people through repeated use as ppe through the linguistic phenomenon of phonetic change7, which then ultimately inspired Ms. Sakai to adopt her school-girl nickname of Nori-ppe into Nori-P when she went about creating her idol persona.

So, to make this incredibly long story short, what does the P in Luna-P stand for, exactly? While it doesn’t stand for anything directly, it is definitely a sign of the times and, though slightly dating the world of Sailor Moon, adds a certain early-90’s atmosphere to the world of the Sailor Soldiers, and I suppose we can thank future Ami (as the inventor of Luna-P) in the far-flung future of Crystal Tokyo and her nostalgia for her youth in introducing ChibiUsa to a simpler time!

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  1. See Noriko Sakai (Wikipedia)
  2. See Tomohisa Yamashita (Wikipedia)
  3. I had a co-worker named Katayama, for example, which we all called Kata-P
  4. For many (Japanese-only) examples, see the Nori-P Dictionary
  5. The most popular example in recent years would probably be Yurippe, of the anime Angel Beats! See Angel Beats! (Wikipedia)
  6. For more words using this, see 兵衛 (Jisho.Org)
  7. See Sound Change (Wikipedia)

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